Stablecoins have emerged as a critical part of the cryptocurrency ecosystem in recent years due to their ability to provide cryptocurrency traders with an exit path in times of volatility and their widespread integration with decentralized finance (DeFi). These are necessary for the health of the ecosystem as a whole.
Currently, Tether (USDT) and USD Coin (USDC) are the dominant stablecoins on the market, but their centralized nature and the lingering threat of stablecoin regulation have led many in the crypto community to avoid them and seek decentralized alternatives. .
Binance USD (BUSD) is the third-largest stablecoin and is controlled by cryptocurrency exchange Binance. DAI, the top-ranked decentralized stablecoin, has 38% of its supply backed by USDC, which, again, raises questions about its “decentralization.”
Investors’ turn to decentralized stablecoins can be seen by growing market capitalizations and the number of DeFi platforms that comprise TerraUSD (UST), FRAX (FRAX), and Magic Internet Money (MIM).
Here’s a look at some of the factors supporting the growth of each stablecoin.
TerraUSD (UST) is an interest-bearing algorithmic stablecoin that is part of the Terra (LUNA) ecosystem and is designed to remain pegged to the value of the US dollar.
To create a new UST, users must interact with the Anchor protocol and burn an equivalent value of the network’s native LUNA token or lock an equivalent amount of Ether (ETH) as collateral.
The addition of Ether as a form of collateral really helped speed things up for UST because it allowed some of the value contained in Ether to migrate to the Terra ecosystem and this resulted in an increase in the circulating supply of UST.
1 / bETH is now available on the Anchor web app!
Now you can borrow $ UST against bETH, a wrapped version of the staking derivative stETH for ETH 2.0.
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– Anchor protocol (@anchor_protocol) August 13, 2021
As a result of UST’s growth, the Terra network recently surpassed Binance Smart Chain in terms of total locked value (TVL) on the protocol, which now stands at $ 17.43 billion, according to data from DefiLlama.
Terra has also been adopted by the Curve stablecoin ecosystem, further assisting its distribution across numerous DeFi protocols. This also gives UST holders another way to earn a return alongside the 19.5% Annual Percentage Yield (APY) offered to users who stake their UST on Anchor Protocol.
FRAX (FRAX) is the first fractional algorithm stablecoin developed by Frax Protocol. It is partially backed by collateral and the remaining portion is algorithmically stabilized.
The real story behind the growth of FRAX begins with its adoption by the DeFi community within multiple well-known projects and decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs) voting to add support for the stablecoin within their ecosystems and treasuries.
FRAX was adopted early on by OlympusDAO’s override protocol as a form of collateral that could come together to obtain the platform’s native OHM token. It also became the stablecoin of choice within the recently launched TempleDAO protocol.
On December 22, 2021, FRAX was added to Convex Finance (CLC) and immediately launched into the ongoing Curve Wars, where a handful of major DeFi protocols are struggling to accumulate CLC and Curve (CRV) to gain power of vote on the Curve network. and increase your stablecoin yield.
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– Convex Finance (@ConvexFinance) December 22, 2021
This week, Curve Wars received a new entrant after Tokemak members voted to add FRAX and Frax Share (FXS) to their Token Reactor, promising to “take the fight to a massive new scale.”
Magic money from the internet
Magic Internet Money (MIM) is a collateral-backed stablecoin issued by a popular DeFi protocol called Abracadabra.Money. What sets this coin apart is that it is “called” into existence when users deposit 16 compatible cryptocurrencies in “cauldrons” that support MIM.
There are limitations on the amount that can be borrowed from the assets supported in Abracadabra and this is part of the protocol effort to avoid the issues faced by MakerDAO (DAI). Namely, the presence of too many centralized stablecoins and the history of catastrophic liquidations during market volatility.
Some of the popular tokens available to pledge as collateral to mint MIM include Enveloped Ether (wETH), Ether, Shiba Inu (SHIB), FTX Token (FTT), and Fantom (FTM).
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MIM has also been integrated into the Curve Finance groups, further highlighting the important role that Curve plays for stablecoins within the DeFi ecosystem and underscoring the incentives to participate in Curve Wars.
MIM’s cross-platform and centralized exchange integration, including its long list of collateral options, has increased its circulating supply to $ 1.933 billion, making it the sixth stablecoin in terms of market capitalization.
While the amount of value held in these decentralized stablecoins is only a fraction of that held in USDT and USDC, they will likely continue to see their market share increase in the coming months as advocates of decentralization they choose them over their centralized counterparts.
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